Vitamin B12 Deficiency: These Are the Symptoms, and Here is How to Treat It!
Regular intake of vitamins is very significant for our body to function properly. However, due to the vitamins’ effectiveness on the organs in the human body, the most important vitamins are folic acid and B12.
Lack of vitamin B12 in our body could cause various complications, and among the long list the most often complication is megaloblastic anemia. This valuable and very complex vitamin is essential for a normal development of the nerve and the red blood cells.
The red blood cells are formed in the bone marrow, and if formed with notable deficit of the vitamin B12, they are of irregular form and shape, many are immature and aren’t able to do its basic function, which is a transport of oxygen to our tissues and organs.
Here, in this article, you can learn more about Vitamin B, where you can find it in food, and how to dose it correctly.
Deficiency of Vitamin B12 Symptoms
The first notable symptoms of B12 deficiency are concentration issues, amplified anxiety or fears, skin and hair issues (fungal, dermatitis, eczema), fatigue and malaise, and unpleasant muscle dull pain.
On the other hand, a larger deficit of vitamin B12 could cause severe nervous disorders, and in the most serious cases – serious damage to the spinal cord nerves, which can lead to paralysis. A vitamin B12 deficiency also causes a dense degree of anemia that develops progressively and rather slowly.
All of these difficulties begin with a sudden weakness that is further enhanced by heart pounding harder, face becomes very pale, and fatigue.
This condition is further accompanied by bloating, loss of appetite, stomach, and frequent diarrhea stools. This could appear burning sensation on the tongue, particularly when taking sour foods, and loss of the sense of taste. Also, there are manifestations of depressive changes, such as paresthesia of the extremities, memory disorders, mainly the legs that leads to tingling and numbness.
If the lack of this vitamin takes a long period of time, grave conditions as bleeding and brain damage are not any exception in this condition. There can even be an increase of the homocysteine level, which increases the risk of coronary disease and heart attacks.
About 70% of the people with Alzheimer’s disease had Vitamin B12 deficiency in the body, so it’s very important do not avoid foods that contain vitamin B12, about which you can find out more below.
Daily dose of Vitamin B12 – DOSAGE
In accordance to the chemical structure, Vitamin B12 is one of the most complex vitamins, and the only one which contains cobalt and essential mineral elements that are very important for the biological activities. It’s crucial for the production of genetic material RNA and DNA, as well as a myelin that provides a protective sheath around our nerves.
Here is the proper dosage of vitamin B12 by age per day:
- Babies (from 1-3 years) – 0.9 mcg,
- Younger children (from 4-8 years) – 1.2 mcg
- Children from 9-13 – to 1.8 mcg,
- Children from 14+ – to 2.4 mcg,
- Adults – to 3 mcg,
- Pregnant women – 2.6 mcg,
- Breast feeding women – 2.8 mcg.
Foods rich in Vitamin B12
The main sources of vitamin B12 are the animal products, pork and beef liver, muscles and heart, kidneys, where the bacteria produce vitamin B12. Fish and eggs are also great sources, as well as all the foods that contain lactic acid.
Furthermore, this vitamin could also be found in the plant foods, but in lesser amounts. Vegetarians are recommended to eat diet rich in grains, brewer’s yeast and soy products because they could often lack the vitamin B12, due to the specific plant nutrition.
Also, this vitamin in very smaller amounts could be found in the red beet, some types of grains (mostly their germs), hazelnut, sesame, seaweed, soybeans…
A great source of vitamin B12 is a sauerkraut, and all the foods that contain lactic acid, such as the pickled vegetables. The recommended daily dosage for adults is not more than 3 micrograms.
If you eat well, the lack of vitamin b12 can be replaced in the best possible way, without the need of any drug.
Source > healthandhealthyliving